Our list of top Spanish artists of the 20th century is led by Pablo Picasso. But don’t forget Joan Miro, Joaquin Sorolla, Salvador Dali, and the lesser-known but valuable art of Juan Gris…
Pablo Ruiz Picasso
Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he born in southern Spain’s Andalucia region in the Mediterranean coastal city of Malaga, where one can visit his boyhood home and a separate Picasso Malaga museum. Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and theatre designer who spent much of his adult life in France.
He is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, and Guernica, a dramatic portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by German and Italian air forces during the Spanish Civil War.
Joan Miró was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975, and another, the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, was established in his adoptive city of Palma de Mallorca in 1981. Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as Surrealism but with a personal style, sometimes also veering into Fauvism and Expressionism. He was notable for his interest in the unconscious or the subconscious mind, reflected in his re-creation of the childlike
Joaquín Sorolla was born in Valencia and was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the bright sunlight of Spain and sunlit water
Salvador Dalí was a Spanish surrealist artist renowned for his technical skill, precise draftsmanship, and the striking and bizarre images in his work.
Born in N.E. Spain in the Mediterranean coastal town Figueres in Catalonia, Dalí received his formal education in fine arts in Madrid. Influenced by Impressionism and the Renaissance masters from a young age, he became increasingly attracted to Cubism and avant-garde movements. He moved closer to Surrealism in the late 1920s and joined the Surrealist group in 1929, soon becoming one of its leading exponents.
His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in August 1931 and is one of the most famous Surrealist paintings. Dalí lived in France throughout the Spanish Civil War before leaving for the United States in 1940 where he achieved commercial success. He returned to Spain in 1948 where he announced his return to the Catholic faith and developed his “nuclear mysticism” style, based on his interest in classicism, mysticism, and recent scientific developments.
Born in Madrid before living and working in France for most of his active period, Juan Gris was closely connected to the innovative artistic genre Cubism, his works are among the movement’s most distinctive.
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Sources & more https://artsandculture.google.com/project/sights-of-spain